A Mac computer would normally not open an app from an unidentified developer. It will show an ‘unidentified developer warning, or an error such as "cannot be opened because it is from an unidentified developer", This is a built in security mechansim to ensure that no harmful programs get installed on your machine. Another error which you can often see will be: can't be opened because it is from an unidentified developer. So how do you open a mac from an unidentified developer?
If an app you want to access is being blocked by macOS’s security measures, here’s how to bypass them and open all apps.
Apple had us believe that having control over the apps we can install protects us from malware. But it can be irritating when you try to run an app and get a warning that it is from an unknown developer.
Fortunately, these apps can be opened and run, and we’ll show you how.
But be warned: only do so if you are confident that the developer and software (as well as the means of distribution, since innocent apps can be hijacked by criminals) are legitimate.
The security of unidentified apps is discussed later in this article.
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What is the error "cannot be opened because it is from an unidentified developer"?
Here is what the error looks like:
Why am I getting an unidentified developer warning?
Apple controls which apps are available for Macs, iPads, and iPhones. While the Mac is more open than iOS – third-party apps must be downloaded from the iOS App Store if you want them on your iPhone or iPad.
However, there is still a lot of struggle before you can install and run some third-party apps on your Mac.
Apple has a feature called Gatekeeper, which is Apple’s name for the security feature of macOS that scans apps for malware and quarantines them.
It further checks if the app was created by an Apple-approved developer. The gatekeeper will then ask you to confirm that you want to open the app, even if it meets those requirements.
Apple made Gatekeeper even stricter in macOS Catalina, which was released in October 2019.
Previously, you could get around Gatekeeper by launching the app through Terminal, but now Gatekeeper will still check it out if you open an app through Terminal.
Another change is that Gatekeeper will now run its checklist of checks whenever you open an app.
So, how will you get apps from unidentified developers to open? And how do you get rid of the warning that appears every time you open an app?
How to open apps not downloaded from the Mac App Store
You can open some third-party apps that aren’t available on the App Store by making some changes to your settings.
It won’t mean you’ll be able to open every third-party app without problems, but rather you’ll see fewer warnings.
- Open Select System Preferences on your device
- Navigate to the Security & Privacy section.
- To make changes, tap the lock and insert your password.
- Change the ‘Allow apps downloaded from’ setting from just App Store to ‘App Store and identified developers.’
You’ll still be unable to open anything macOS doesn’t recognize.
However, you’ll be able to open apps that weren’t bought from the App Store as long as they don’t contain malware and are signed by an Apple-approved developer.
How to open any blocked app
If you try to open an app and macOS stops you, it indicates that the app isn’t from an ‘identified developer,’ or one who has joined Apple’s developer program and jumped through a few steps to gain Apple’s trust.
Fortunately, you can still open the app and bypass the restriction.
- Open System Preferences on your device
- Select the General tab under Security & Privacy.
- If you’ve been blocked from opening an app in the last hour, this page will allow you to skip it by clicking the temporary button ‘Open Anyway.’
- You’ll be asked if you’re sure again, but clicking Open will start the app.
Other methods to open blocked apps
Locating the app in a Finder window is another way to open a blocked app.
- Activate the Finder.
- Locate the App.
- Right-click or Ctrl-click the app.
- The app will be opened anyway if you select Open from the resulting menu, and an exception will be made for opening it normally in the future.
How to ‘Allow Apps from Anywhere’ on your Mac
The Security & Privacy section of System Preferences offers two options for the types of apps you can run. That is those from the App Store or those from the App Store or identified developers.
There is, however, a third option: ‘Allow apps from anywhere.’
This was an option in previous versions of macOS, but it was removed when macOS Sierra was released.
You can, however, reclaim the Anywhere option.
We’ll start by saying that we don’t recommend this setting because it puts you at risk of getting malware. If you’re dead set on following this path, you can bring back that option with a line of Terminal code.
sudo spctl –master-disable
Once you’ve pressed Return, you’ll be required to enter your password. After that, go to the Security & Privacy section of System Preferences.
You’ll notice a new third option that says ‘Allow apps downloaded from: Anywhere.’ To make changes to the settings on this page, you must first click the padlock icon.
However, you can remove the ‘Anywhere’ option
by typing this code in terminal:
sudo spctl –master-enable
Is it safe to use unidentified apps?
The answer depends. Since you don’t have Apple’s certification that it is, you’ll have to depend on your own research to make sure the software is safe.
You could perhaps look for app reviews, information about the company, advice and testimonials from other users before installing the software.
Remember that shady businesses aren’t above displaying a few fake reviews to give themselves the appearance of legitimacy, so look past the first few results.
If you’re not happy, it’s probably safer to look for an alternative that’s easier to install on macOS.
You should also double-check that your anti-virus software is renewed before installing unknown apps.
It’s important to note that receiving the ‘unidentified developer’ warning dialog doesn’t necessarily imply that you’re about to install malware. There are a variety of reasons why a completely legitimate company may not be on the identified list. For example, the app could be older than the company’s developer registration program.
Mac app FAQs
What is an unidentified developer?
Unidentified developers are those who haven’t registered their apps with Apple or gone through the process to get the apps on the App Store.
Why do I get the error cannot be opened because it is from an unidentified developer?
Apps from developers that are not downloaded from the app store are not considered safe. This is because any app that gets into the App store needs to go through a rigourous verification process, which marks the app as from a "verified developer" and is signed in a way that it is trusted by the Mac OS. Apps that do not go through the process won't have this signature and will get this error.
How do I keep my Mac safe from malware?
You can install the CleanMyMac X application on your Mac. It scans your Mac for potentially unwanted apps (PUA) and malware. This feature searches your Mac for malicious apps and lets you delete them individually or in bulk.
How can I tell if apps from unidentified developers are safe?
- Read some customer reviews and learn about other people’s experiences with the app.
- Check for antivirus software (and make sure it’s up to date).
- Look into it as thoroughly as possible to avoid downloading any potentially harmful apps.
While the error can't be opened because it is from an unidentified developer might look scary at first, if you do a bit of research and ensure that the app has been downloaded from somewhere trustworthy, you can follow the procedures above to open an app from an unidentified developer.
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